MINIMUM FORCE REQUIRED TO SLIDE A BODY ON HORIZONTAL PLANE
Minimum Force Required to Slide a Body on a Rough Horizontal Plane
Let a body A of weight W is resting on a rough horizontal plane B, as shown in Fig. 1.19. Let an effort P is applied at an angle θ to the horizontal, such that the body just begins to move. From Fig. 1.19, we find that
cos (θ-ϕ)=1 or θ-ϕ=0 or θ=0
In other words, the effort P is minimum when its inclination (θ) with the horizontal is equal to the angle of friction (ϕ).